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History: Citing Sources

A guide to library resources for History students.

Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style, published by the University of Chicago Press, is widely used in publishing. In the academic world, it is used in some social sciences and historical journals. Chicago offers two formats: author-date style and notes and bibliography style.

NOTE: For UNBC History courses, students are expected to use the notes and bibliography style.

Print Chicago Guide:

Location Call Number Status
Reference Z253 .U69 2010 Library Use Only
Stacks Z253 .U69 2010 c.2  

 

Citation Management Software

Endnote Web

The library provides access to Endnote Web free-of-charge for all UNBC students, faculty, and staff. Endnote Web is a personal citation management tool that can save you time and keep your writing organized.

Please note: the Endnote Web service is housed on American servers and subject to the laws of the United States of America. For more information please consult their privacy policy.

Mendeley

Mendeley is a web-based, free-to-everyone (up to 2 GB of online storage) citaiton management tool supported by Mac, Windows, and Linux. It is also available as a mobile app. For more information, visit the Mendeley website.

Zotero

Zotero is a free citation management application (supported by Mac, Windows, and Linux). For more information, visit the Zotero website.

Refworks

Refworks is no longer provided by the library. Accounts are available at $100 per year. For more information, visit the Refworks website.

Other

Many other citation management tools are available, many for free. The University of Wisconsin-Madison has produced a very nice comparison chart of the popular citation management systems listed above (Endnote, Mendeley, and Zotero). For a very thorough comparison of many free and paid systems, check out Wikipedia.

Why Cite?

When you are quoting or paraphrasing another person's thoughts or ideas, you must cite where those thoughts or ideas have come from. If you do not cite your sources, you are plagiarizing.  Plagiarism is an academic offence at UNBC.  See the Regulations and Policies section of the University Calendar for a description of, and consequences as a result of, this offence.

For tips about how to lessen the chances of plagiarizing, see the Academic Success Centre's information on plagiarism at (under "Referencing/Citations").

Citing sources serves two purposes:

  1. The original author is given credit for his or her thoughts or ideas.
  2. The reader is given the information he or she needs to find an original source in order to get clarification, get more information, or assess the credibility of the source.


Consistency and accuracy are very important when you are citing sources. Pay attention to details: order of elements in the citation, punctuation, spacing, indentation, underlining, and capitalization. All these factors contribute to making the information in the citation clear to the reader.

Remember to proofread!

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