The Chicago Manual of Style, published by the University of Chicago Press, is widely used in publishing. In the academic world, it is used in some social sciences and historical journals. Chicago offers two formats: author-date style and notes and bibliography style.
NOTE: For UNBC History courses, students are expected to use the notes and bibliography style.
Print Chicago Guide:
|Reference||Z253 .U69 2010||Library Use Only|
|Stacks||Z253 .U69 2010 c.2|
The library provides access to Endnote Web free-of-charge for all UNBC students, faculty, and staff. Endnote Web is a personal citation management tool that can save you time and keep your writing organized.
Mendeley is a web-based, free-to-everyone (up to 2 GB of online storage) citaiton management tool supported by Mac, Windows, and Linux. It is also available as a mobile app. For more information, visit the Mendeley website.
Zotero is a free citation management application (supported by Mac, Windows, and Linux). For more information, visit the Zotero website.
Refworks is no longer provided by the library. Accounts are available at $100 per year. For more information, visit the Refworks website.
Many other citation management tools are available, many for free. The University of Wisconsin-Madison has produced a very nice comparison chart of the popular citation management systems listed above (Endnote, Mendeley, and Zotero). For a very thorough comparison of many free and paid systems, check out Wikipedia.
When you are quoting or paraphrasing another person's thoughts or ideas, you must cite where those thoughts or ideas have come from. If you do not cite your sources, you are plagiarizing. Plagiarism is an academic offence at UNBC. See the Regulations and Policies section of the University Calendar for a description of, and consequences as a result of, this offence.
For tips about how to lessen the chances of plagiarizing, see the Academic Success Centre's information on plagiarism at (under "Referencing/Citations").
Citing sources serves two purposes:
Consistency and accuracy are very important when you are citing sources. Pay attention to details: order of elements in the citation, punctuation, spacing, indentation, underlining, and capitalization. All these factors contribute to making the information in the citation clear to the reader.
Remember to proofread!