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Through its Census of Population, Statistics Canada takes a snapshot of the Canadian population every five years. This data is used by government agencies and other organizations for policy planning and is also heavily used by researchers and businesses. The last census took place in the spring of 2016: 2016 Census Program release schedule.
Important Reference Materials
Refer to the Census / NHS Dictionary for detailed information about census / NHS variables.
NHS Dictionary (2011 NHS)
Note: See Appendix 1.1 for the questionnaires. Differences between the N1 and N2 questionnaires explained here: http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/guides/99-011-x/99-011-x2011006-eng.cfm#a3.
Census Dictionary (2006 Census)
Note: The questionnaires for the 2006 Census may be found at http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/ref/question-guide-eng.cfm.
Census Dictionary (2001 Census)
Note: The questionnaires for the 2006 Census may be found in the Census Handbook at http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/english/census01/Products/Reference/2001handbook/war.htm.
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